1917 Haynes Model 36 Light-Six Touring
I6, 288 cid, 29 bhp

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In 1894 Elwood Haynes (1857-1925) designed and produced one of America’s first successful automobiles. Haynes enlisted the help of Elmer and Edgar Apperson for the actual construction of this buggy-type machine, which featured a single-cylinder, one-horsepower engine. It was first driven on July 4, 1894 and traveled at speeds of 6 to 7 miles per hour. Now on display in the Smithsonian Institution, the 1894 Haynes is the oldest U.S. automobile still in existence.

Inspired by their success, Haynes and the Apperson brothers formed the Haynes-Apperson Co. in 1898. The two parties split-up in 1902, and in 1905 the company’s name was changed to the Haynes Automobile Company. In 1904 the first production models were produced. These cars featured 2- and 4-cylinder engines, sliding-gear transmissions, and shaft drives.

A trained engineer and chemist, Haynes created numerous alloys, including tungsten chrome steel, chromium nickel, chromium cobalt, and a type of stainless steel. His inventions included mufflers and carburetors – he was the first person to use aluminum in an automotive engine. Haynes also claimed to receive the first U.S. traffic ticket in 1895, when a bicycle policeman ordered him to get off the streets of Chicago!

Haynes manufactured conservative body styles. Five and Seven Passenger Touring Cars, Three Passenger Roadsters all with Sedan Tops and Sedans, although in 1923 one Closed Coupled Coupe was made and in 1921 a Special Speedster (two-seater Roadster) with wire wheels was introduced.

The LeMay example is a Model 36 Light Six 5 passenger touring car. It sold new for $1385.



  • Elwood P. Haynes 1857-1925, Inventor
  • Haynes Automobile Co., Kokomo, Ind.
  • Haynes Automobiles Built 1905 to 1924
  • Originated as Haynes-Apperson Co. in 1898, went separate ways in 1902.
  • Haynes Automobile Co. established in Kokomo, Indiana in 1905
  • Elwood P. Haynes 1857-1925, Inventor